Microchip Technology

Microchip Technology

The Dutch government will impose export restrictions on the country’s “most advanced” microchip technology to protect national security, after a similar move by the United States.

Includes products from chipmaker ASML, a key player in the global microchip supply chain.

In response, China filed a formal complaint against this decision.

He said he hopes the Netherlands “does not pursue the abuse of export control measures by some countries”.

China often refers to the United States as “technological hegemony”; in response to export controls imposed by Washington.

The semiconductors that power everything from cell phones to military equipment are at the center of a bitter dispute between the United States and China. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Mao Ning said the Dutch move is aimed at depriving China of its right to development. Dexter Roberts, a senior member of the Washington-based think tank Atlantic Council, told the BBC the Dutch decision was “a real step forward, a real victory for the United States and also very bad news for China”.

“US-China relations are already in a very bad state. This will clearly make the situation worse.”

The measures concern “very specific technologies in the semiconductor manufacturing cycle”; said Dutch Trade Minister Liesje Schreinemacher.

“For reasons of national and international security, the Netherlands considers it necessary to master this technology as soon as possible,” he wrote in a letter to parliamentarians on Wednesday.

Schreinemacher added that the Dutch government had “taken into account technological developments and the geopolitical context”; without mentioning China or the ASML.

Under the new rules, companies would have to apply for licenses to export technologies including “the most advanced deep ultraviolet (DUV) immersion lithography and deposition.”

ASML said in a statement that it expects the restrictions to apply to its “most advanced DUV diving systems.”

The company added that “based on today’s announcement, our expectations regarding the Dutch government’s licensing policy and the current market situation, we do not expect these measures to have a material impact on our prospects finances”.

Lithography machines use lasers to print tiny patterns on silicon as part of the microchip manufacturing process

Since 2019, the Dutch government has blocked ASML from selling its most advanced lithography machines to China

In October, Washington announced it would seek licenses from Companies exporting chips to China using American tools or software, regardless of where in the world they are made

Meanwhile, the South Korean Ministry of Commerce raised concerns about US semiconductor policy earlier this week.

“The South Korean government will clarify that the terms of the chip law may increase business uncertainty and affect companies’ management and technology rights and make the United States less attractive as an investment option,” the ministry said.

South Korea is home to major microprocessor manufacturers, including the world’s largest memory chip maker, Samsung. One of President Biden’s nominees for the Federal Communications Commission, Gigi Sohn, withdrew from consideration for the position Tuesday, saying she committed “relentless, dishonest and malicious attacks on my personality and my career as a public interest advocate.” been exposed. ”

Mr.Sohn’s announcement came shortly after Sen. Joe Manchin, a West Virginia Democrat, said he would vote against his nomination, denying him a key vote in a split Senate. In a statement, Mr. Manchin said the committee “needs to rise above the toxic bias that Americans are fed up with, and Ms. Sohn has made it clear she is not the right person for that.”

FCC has been deadlocked for years, with two Democratic and two Republican commissioners. While the agency has approved some measures for bipartisan reasons, the split has prevented the Biden administration from pursuing more ambitious priorities, such as net neutrality rules for ISPs.

m.Biden nominated Sohn to the committee in October 2021. She has long been a staple of Washington’s advanced technology policy, pushing for consumer protection measures before becoming an adviser to Tom Wheeler, former F.C.C.With Ms. Sohn at his side, Mr. Wheeler has been pursuing sweeping net neutrality rules that would prevent ISPs from favoring certain content and a measure to open up the market for TV set-top boxes.

Ms. Sohn quickly faced opposition from Republicans, who accused her of being too left-leaning to join the committee that regulates ISPs, broadcasters and cell phone operators.Despite support from the public interest and civil rights organizations, among others, his appointment did not materialize. Mr. Biden renamed it in January.

Ms. Sohn’s decision to withdraw her candidacy was first reported by The Washington Post.”It’s a sad day for our country and our democracy as dominant industries choose their own regulators with the help of unlimited black money,” Ms Sohn said in her statement. “And with the help of their friends in the Senate, powerful cable and media companies have done just that.”
Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, a top Republican on the Commerce Committee, welcomed Sohn’s removal and said F.CC “was no place for partisan activists”. “Now is the time for the Biden administration to propose a candidate who can be confirmed by the full Senate and who is committed to serving as an impartial and truly independent regulator,” he said.

In March 2017, an engineer at G.E. Aviation of Cincinnati, which I will refer to by part of its Chinese name, received an inquiry on LinkedIn. Hua is in his forties, tall and athletic, and his boyish face makes him look ten years younger. In 2003 he left China for postgraduate studies in the United States. After his Ph.D. joined GE in 2007, initially at the company’s research facility in Niskayuna, N.Y., several years, then at G.E. Aviation.

The LinkedIn request came from Chen Feng, a school official at Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (N.U.AA), in eastern China. Like most people on LinkedIn, Hua was used to connecting with professionals on the site he didn’t know personally, so the request didn’t strike him as unusual. “I didn’t even think about it before agreeing,” Hua told me.A few days later, Chen emailed him inviting him to the N.U.A.A. make a research presentation.

Hua has always sought academic recognition. “When I was doing my doctorate, I first wanted to become a professor in China or the USA,” he says. However, since his studies were geared more towards practical applications than pure research, a career in industry made more sense than a career in academia.At GE Aviation, he was part of a group designing housings for jet engine rotating fan blades. Using carbon composites in the fan blades and housing instead of metal means lighter engines and a commercial advantage.

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